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Climax at Fort Sumpter.

Captain Eugene Cornell Memorial Civil War Showcase.

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In the Mid 19th Century, Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote her famous novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin, which became America's Best Seller throughout the entire century. The novel, which painted a very dismal picture of Slavery in the South, perpetuated the Abolitionist Movement in the North. This of course put the Northern United States and the South at great odds. The Issue of Slavery which created a division between the North and the South came to a headwhen John Brown, an abolitionist and fanatic, captured an arsenal at Harpers Ferry on October 16, 1959, in attempt to put an end to slavery once and for all. His capture of Harpers Ferry was thwarted the next day Robert E. Lee and his Millitia. John Brown was hung for treason on December 2, 1959. To a lot of abolitionists, John Brown had become a martyr,and animosity towards slavery mushroomed in the North. The South, in return, exhibited animosity towards The North, and their passion for Abolition of Slavery in The South.

Abraham Lincoln was a man dedicated to the Abolition of Slavery in The South. When Abraham Lincoln was elected the 16th President of the United States, several Southern States seceded from the Union (staring with South Carolina) and formed The Confederate States of America. Jefferson Davis became President of The Confederacy, and Richmond, Virginia; was CSA's Capitol. Now Fort Sumpter, which was just off shore of Charleston, South Carolina; was occupied by Union Troops during the time these Southern States Seceded. At 4:30am, on April 12, 1861; Confederate Troops began the bombardment of Ft. Sumter. The Union Troops under Major Robert Anderson surrendered the Fort to General Beauregard and his Confederate Army later that day. Abraham then declared war on The Confederacy, and The American Civil War began.

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